At a height of 1439 meters, the Cerro Chucantí Private Reserve contains the 9th tallest peak in the country.
Most of the reserve consists of hot, humid, primary tropical rainforests typical of the remote Darién region, but there is also a large patch of temperate cloud forest habitat above 1,200 meters. These habitats contain incredible scenic beauty of their own, as well as a wide array of tropical species, but the multitude of impressive waterfalls and views offered by the reserve make it one of the most beautiful areas in Panamá.
We have built several field stations to stay at while conducting research or just hiking to enjoy the natural wonders around Cerro Chucantí. Contact Us if you are interested in visiting, and explore this page further to learn more about the reserve.
The rainforests of Cerro Chucantí maintain populations of endangered wildlife such as the Baird´s Tapir (Tapirus bairdii) and Black Spider Monkey (Ateles fusciceps robustus), as well as vulnerable species such as the Giant Anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), Great Curassow (Crax rubra) and Puma (Puma concolor).
One of the most diverse groups of animals found around our reserve are the hundreds of tropical bird species. The area around Cerro Chucantí has been designated an Important Bird Area after studies conducted by the Panama Audubon Society revealed a number of high priority birds endemic to the Darién Highlands such as the Beautiful Treerunner, Varied Solitaire, and Violet-throated Toucanet at Chucantí.
Wet Tropical Forest
Cerro Chucantí’s lowland forests (below 1,200m) are stereotypically tropical, staying warm and humid all year long. In this highly biodiverse ecosystem, giant trees create a dense, evergreen canopy that shadows the forest floor and a myriad of small rivers provide a year-round water source. Most of the wildlife present in this area represent wide-ranging species typical of Central American forests in general. About 80-100% of the mammals present in Costa Rica, for example, also occur in Panama, Nicaragua, Honduras, and Colombia.
Above 1,200m, the forests of Cerro Chucantí change quickly. At these higher elevations, the temperature is much cooler and visibility is quickly reduced as a semi-permanent fog begins to permeate the vegetation. The tall, dense evergreens of the lowlands are largely replaced by palm trees, while the remaining hardwoods are much smaller and covered in epiphytic ferns, orchids, and bromiliads. Although this area is less biodiverse, cloud forests tend to be very high in endemic species (species only found in a certain area).
The Cerro Chucantí Private Nature Reserve is a magical place to visit, but can present challenges like any wild area. Whether you plan to birdwatch or research at Chucantí, the links below will help you to prepare for your trip.