New Species

Endemic Species

Cerro Chucantí hosts a rare cloud forest ecosystem near its peak that has become an “island” for many of the species found there. Only about 2.5 square miles of cloud forest exist in the entire Majé mountain range, and the next nearest cloud forest is nearly 100km away. Because of this distance and the general inability of most cloud forest species to survive in the hot lowland tropical forests between mountain ranges, many species became stuck in the forests of Cerro Chucantí and are now considered endemic species—species found nowhere else in the world.

Unexpected Finds

Surveys and research being conducted by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI), the University of Panama, and biologists from around the world continue to reveal the presence of unique flora and fauna at Cerro Chucantí. We have discovered range extensions, country records, and a myriad of other rare sightings. However, we have been most shocked by the number of species at Chucantí that were previously unknown to science.


The list below contains up-to-date information on the new species that have been found in the Cerro Chucantí private nature reserve. If you are curious about the other species that have been observed in Chucantí, visit the Full Species List.

Year DescribedCommon Name(s)Scientific NameIUCN StatusPhotoDescribing Paper
2003OrchidChysis violacea
2010Trapdoor SpiderStrophaeus sebastiani
2013Longhorn BeetleTessaropa elizabeth
2013Longhorn BeetleAnelaphus cordiforme
2014Chucantí SalamanderBolitoglossa chucantiensis
2016Majé Dink FrogDiasporus majeensis
2016Chucantí Centipede SnakeTantilla berguidoiCritically Endangered (CR)
2016AnthuriumAnthurium annularumCritically Endangered (CR)
2016AnthuriumAnthurium chucantienseCritically Endangered (CR)
2017Berguido's HeliconiaHeliconia berguidoiCritically Endangered (CR)
2017Daytime FireflyPhotinus interdius
2017HarvesterQuindina kuna
2018Notopleura sallydavidsoniaeCritically Endangered (CR)